The back cloth, which covers the Kabah is called Kswah. It is woven from a mxture of sk and cotton and is embroldered with verses from the Quran in gold thread in bands around the top.
The Kiswah, which is changed every year, used to be woven in Caro, but now it made in Makkah. in a factory located in Umm aj-Joud, a suburb of Makkah.
The Kiswoh consists of 450 kilograms of pure which is dyed black and embroidered with gold and silver threads.The Kiswah is tied to the ground with copper rings. These days the Kabah is washed twice with perfumed water, once in Ramadan, and once before the Hal season.
The Black Stone is set in southeast corner of the Kabah the about 15 meters from the ground. It is black with reddish tones and yellow particles. 28 cm wide and 38 cm high. It is set in a silver It is cm casing. During the tawaat of the Kabah, pilgrims kiss the stone or make a gesture in its direction and say Allahu Akbar. A hadeeth of the Prophet (pbuh) says that it came down from heaven. Once Umar ibn al-Khattab said during Tawaaf. “I know that you are only a stone, which does not have power to do good or evil. I had not seen the Prophet (pbuh) kissing you, I would not have kissed you.”
The area adjacent to the Kabah its west side enclosed by a on low semicircular wall is called al-Hateem or al-Hijr. Following the Sunnah of the Prophet (pbuh) the pilgrim may offer Sunnah prayer and supplicate to Allah in this area. However, this is not a part of the prescribed rites of hail.
The Well of Zamzam
The well of Zamzam is located about 20 meters southeast of the Black Stone corner of the Kabah, near the Station of Ibraaheem. To drink the water of Zamzam is a rite for both haj and umrah. The well is closed at the surface. Earlier, one could reach the area of the well of Zamzam by a flight of steps, where numerous taps supplied water to scores of pilgrims at a time. Today, however, the steps are covered and access to the well’s surroundings is totally closed. Numerous taps around the mosque satisfy pilgrims’ thirst.
Zamzam: A Healing from Sickness
The Prophet (pbuh) said. “The water of Zamzam serves the purpose for which it is drunk.” lbn Maajah)
Once Abu Dharr lived solely on Zamzam water for a whole month and he put on so much weight and did not feel hungry at all. When he mentioned this to the Prophet (pbuh) he said to him, “It is blessed and it also serves as nourishment.” (Muslim)
Maaat is the location around Makkah specified by the Prophet (pbuh) from where those coming to Makkah for Hajj or Umrah must enter the state of ihraam. The Prophet (pbuh) specified different mawaaqeef (plural of migaat). Some of these mawaaqeet are: Dhaat Irq, 80 km to the northeast of Makkah; Dhul Hulayfah, 250 km north of Makkah and 9 km away from Madinah; Al-Juhfah to the northwest of Makkah at 180 km distance; Qarn ul-Manaazil 50. km to the city’s east; and Yalamlam 60 km to the southeast.
The House of Allah
Although we refer to the Kabah as Baytullaah or the House of Allah, we believe that Alah does not dwell in it, nor is the Kabah itself an object of worship.
It is the fundamental part of our lslamic falth that we do not associate partners with Almighty Allah. It is, therefore, unthinkable to the believing Muslim that he or she directs any act of worship to other than Almighty Allah, whether this act of worship is salah or anything else. Muslims do not worship the Kabah. It only indicates the direction which Muslims face while offering salah. If the Kabah were completely destroyed we Muslims would still face the same Qiblah. It is not the physical structure of the Kabah only that is of concern to the believers, but what it represents-Oneness of Allah! The Tawheed!
It is interesting to note that the Karamatians stole the Black Stone during the tenth Century CE. It remained away from the Kabah for a period of twelve years. This did not have any effect on the function of the Kabah in Islam. Muslims performed the pilgrimage and did tawaaf os usual In fact. it is not necessary to kiss the Black Stone in order for one’s Hajj to be valid. One can simply touch or point to it upon beginning each round of the tawoat while saying Allahu Akbar.
The Kabah: The Emblem of Faith in One God
The Kabah is the emblem of faith in Alah the Amighty. It is a proof that the Tawheed, which it stands for. is the true and the original belief. All else that stands at odds with the Oneness of Allah falsehood and deception, which will eventually disappear! The only thing that will remain is the truth.
The Kabah stands in the centre of the Grand Mosque in Makkah. is large cubic structure, covered with a black cloth. In one corner, the Kabah contons the Black Stone. The Black Stone is not on object of worship. nor is the Kabah itself. They merely represent socied ploce devoted to the worship of Allah.