Conditions of Salah (Prayer)
- Islam: Allah does not accept the actions of non-Muslims.
- Sanity, This means that one has to have a sound mind, not mad.
- Reaching the age of puberty: children, however, must be ordered to pray at the age of seven.
- Purity: Allah’s Messenger said, “Allah does not accept salah without purity.” Muslim) This includes purity of the body, the clothes and the place where one intends to pray.
- The Time: Salah is due only when its time has started.
- Covering the awrah, or the parts of the body that have to be covered: The awrah of a man is all that is between the navel and the knees, and that of a woman is every part of her except the face and hands.
- Having the intention in the heart to perform the prayer.
- Facing the Qiblah: This means facing the direction of the Ka’bah in Makkah.
As for the intention (niyyah), its place is the heart. It means being firmly convinced that Allah has prescribed salah as one’s duty to perform that specific prayer, and to carry out His commandment without seeking to make an impression or acquire a reputation. The heat must then be present until one has completed the prayer.
The expression of one’s intention aloud and according to certain formulas was not the practice of the Prophet (pbuh) or his companions. In fact, it is bid’ah and so one must avoid doing so.
The tayammum (dry ablution) can be performed in the following way:
- A Muslim intends to perform the tayammum without expressing the intention aloud and says bismillaah “In the name of Allah.”
- He strikes the earth with his hands once. (It is permissible to blow on the hands slightly if there is excessive dust on ones hands).
- He passes the palms over the face once.
- He rubs his hands up to the wrists once: the back of his right hand with the palm of his left hand and then the back of the left hand with the palm of the right hand.
The obligatory Elements of Salah
There are eight obligatory acts of salah. They are:
- Saying “Allaahu Akbar” (Allah is Most Great) to move from one act of the prayer to the next, such as for bowing and prostrating.
- Saying “Subhaana Rabbiyal-Adheem” (Glory be to my Lord, the Supreme) while bowing.
- Saying “Subhaana Rabbiyal-Alaa” (Glory be to my Lord, the Most High) while prostrating.
- Saying “Sami Allahu liman hamidah” (Allah hears the one who praises Him) while raising the head from bowing for the imam and the one who prays alone.
- Saying “Rabbanaa wa lakal-hamd” (O our Lord! All the praises are for You) while standing, for the imam, the one (or ones) following him and the one who prays alone.
- Reciting the supplication between the two prostrations, such as saying “Rabbigh-fir lee, rabbigh-fir lee” (My Lord, forgive me my Lord, forgive me).
- Reciting the first tashahhud.
- Sitting down for the first tashahhud.
The Sunan Elements of Salah (Masnunaat)
The following are some of the sunan elements of salah:
- Raising the hands while saying “Allaahu Akbar”. The hands are raised close to the shoulders or close to the ears.
- Placing the right hand on the left hand on the chest.
- Reciting the opening supplication (Istiftaah). Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) used to say certain supplications before reciting Surat al-Fatihah. The following is one of these suplications: “Subhaanak-Allaahumma wa bihamdka wa tabaarakasmuka, wa ta aalaajudduka, wa laa ilaaha ghairuk.” (Glory be to You, o Allah and Praise. Blessed is Your Name and high is Your Majesty. There is no god but You.)
- Seeking refuge with Allah (ta’awwudh). After saying one of the above du’aas, Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) would quietly say “I seek refuge in Allah from Shaytan the accursed”.
- Reciting quietly before reciting surat al-Fatihah.
- Saying “Ameen” after reciting al-Fatihah.
- Reciting a surah o verse of the Quran after al-Fatihah in the first two rak’ahs of every compulsory prayer.
- Reciting surat al-Fatihah and any other surah aloud in the first two rak’ahs of Fajr, Maghrib, Isha, Salaatul Jumu’ah, the Eed prayers and the prayer for seeking rain. and quietly during the rest of the salah. Silent recitation in Dhuhr and Asr prayers.
- Placing the hands on the knees while spreading the fingers apart during ruku.
- Looking at the ground at the place of sujud
- Saying the statement of glorification of the Lord (tasbeeh) more than once in ruku and sujud.
- Making one’s back straight during ruku while making one’s head parallel to one’s back.
- Sitting on the left foot and propping up the right one on one’s toes between the two prostrations and the first tashahhud: and pushing the left foot forward and keeping the right foot propped up on one’s toes while sitting on one’s buttocks in the last tashahhud.
- Invoking blessings on the Prophet (pbuh) in the final tashahhud and then making supplications (du’aa) using expressions taught by Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) before tasleem.
- Turning to the right and to the left when making tasleem.