The Prophet Zakariyya was a noble man. He was an uncle of Maryam (Mary), and the priest of the shrine in Jerusalem. When Maryam was given to the service of Allah, the Prophet Zakariyya was made Maryam’s guardian. Whenever the Prophet Zakariyya visited Maryam in her niche (mihrab) in the shrine, he would find that she had fresh food. He would be amazed at this and would ask Maryam where this food came from. “This is from Allah,” Maryam would answer. “Allah gives in plenty to whoever He pleases.”
Anther of the prophets that God sent to mankind after the Flood was Salih. He was born to the stribe of Thamud who lived in northern Arabia. This tribe was known for the beautiful houses that they carved in the sides of the mountains. Thamud lived some time after the destruction of Ad, but still within memory of the terrible punishment that befell them. Thamud, however, no longer believed that what had happened to Ad was a real event. and thought that it must be only a myth. Soon they took to worshipping idols, and in particular a large golden idol.
Salih’s was a pious man who believed in God and refused to worship the idol. He had had a vision that his son would one day be a prophet. When the King of Thamud heard of this vision. he banished Salih’s father from the land. So Salih lived alone with his mother and together they worshipped God.
The two prostrations for forgetfulness are normally offered to make up for the shortcomings that occur due to forgetfulness or error There are three cases where these prostrations are required: addition, deletion and doubt.
If one omits a necessary element because of forgetfulness, validity can be restored by performing the prostrations of forgetfulness (sujud as-sahw), but if the omission is deliberate, the salah will be null and void.
The descendants of Noah and of the believers who had joined him in the Ark spread all over the earth to repopulate it. The memory of the Flood and of how God in His mercy had saved mankind remained with people for many generations. Gradually, however, people began to forget the worship of God and became concerned solely with things of this world, even to the point of worshipping the physical things around them.
Now God is patient with mankind and wishes always to guide them to what is right. He sends His prophets to teach mankind the truth about their Lord and to instruct them in the correct ways of worship. Among the prophets that God sent to mankind after the Flood were Hud and Salih
Long, long ago, there lived two friends, one a rich gardener, and the other a poor farmer. The gardener owned two beautiful, well-watered gardens full of flowers and all kind of fruits, especially grapes and dates. He thought all this was the result of his hard work and clever planning, rather than a blessing from Allah. One day he showed the poor farmer around his garden and proudly said to him, “I am richer than you and my clan is mightier than yours. And surely this will never perish! Nor do I believe that the hour of Doom will ever come.”
Islam: Allah does not accept the actions of non-Muslims.
Sanity, This means that one has to have a sound mind, not mad.
Reaching the age of puberty: children, however, must be ordered to pray at the age of seven.
Purity: Allah’s Messenger said, “Allah does not accept salah without purity.” Muslim) This includes purity of the body, the clothes and the place where one intends to pray.
The Time: Salah is due only when its time has started.
Covering the awrah, or the parts of the body that have to be covered: The awrah of a man is all that is between the navel and the knees, and that of a woman is every part of her except the face and hands.
Having the intention in the heart to perform the prayer.
Facing the Qiblah: This means facing the direction of the Ka’bah in Makkah.
For many generations, the descendants of Adam continued to follow his teachings, worshipping God alone. Among them were many brave and pious men, greatly loved and respected by their communities. Indeed the enormous grief felt by some people upon the death of their elders prompted them to make statues of these people so that no one would forget them. Gradually, however, people forgot what the statues were for and began to worship them. In this way Satan succeeded in introducing the worship of idols among the descendants of Adam.
God always wants to guide people to what is true and good, and when He saw that one of the tribes had begun to worship idols, He decided to send them a prophet to guide them back to the true religion. God chose from among that tribe a man called Noah. He was neither a leader of his tribe nor a rich man, but he worshipped God faithfully and was, as the Quran states, “a grateful servant”. (17:3)
A very old and powerful community used to live around 800 B.C., in Nineveh, some 230 miles north west of Baghdad. Allah sent the Prophet Yunus (Jonah) to this community to guide them on to the right path. Yunus preached to them for a long time, warning them to turn away from their wickedness, but they paid no heed to his words. Angry and despairing. Yunus left these people, and headed towards the seaport where he boarded a ship. No sooner was it asal than the sky grew dark and there was a terrible storm, with huge waves crashing against the ship’s hull.
The Times of the Obligatory Prayers and the Number of their Rak’ahs
The obligatory prayers are five in number. They are:
The dawn prayer (salaat-ul-Fajr): consists of two rak’ahs, starts with the coming of dawn until the sky starts to become yellowish. The time for the Fajr prayer lasts until sunrise.
The noon prayer (salaat-udh-Dhuhr): consists of four rak’ahs, starts from after midday until mid-afternoon, when an object’s shadow is about the same length as the object itself.
The afternoon prayer (salaat-ul-Asr): consists of four rak’ahs begins from the time when the length of one’s shadow is equal to one’s height, until the sun begins to change colour before sunset. The time of Asr prayer lasts until just before sunset.
The sunset prayer (salaat-ul-Maghrib): conssts of three rak’ahs begins immediately after sunset. The time of the Maghrib prayer lasts until the twilight disappears. The twilight is the soft glowing light tom the sky when the sun has already set.
The late evening prayer (salaat-ul-Isha): consist of four rak’ahs, begins with the disappearance of the twilight and continues up to half the night.
Allah the Almighty says, “Prayers have been prescribed for the believers at set times.”
(Surah an-Nisaa 4.103)
Here, Alan commands Muslims to perform the prayer (salah) at its prescribed times. In fact, the prayer was the first obligatory duty upon the Prophet (pbuh) and his followers. It will also be the first action Allah the Almighty will question us on the Day of Judgement. Indeed, the salah is the supporting pillar of Islam. If someone believes it is not obligatory and abandons it, he becomes a disbeliever. The Prophet (pbuh) said, “The covenant between us and them (i.e. the disbelievers) is the prayer; so if anyone abandons it he has become a disbeliever” (Ahmad, At-Tirmidhee and An-Nasaa’ee)