The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) would often sit alone in the cave of Hira. near Makkah. He would pray and meditate there, surrounded by nature, and would ask the Creator of the heavens and earth for answers to questions such as: “What is man’s true role in life? What does the Lord require of us? From where does man come, and where will he go after death?”
Like Job, Jonah was a descendant of Abraham through his son Isaac It is related that Jonah was sent by God as a prophet to the people of Ninevah, a city in the north of present-day Iraq, to summon them to belief in the One God. For many years, Jonah tried hard to guide his people, But they refused to listen to the message he brought, nor would they listen to his warnings of the wrath of God, and the terrible punishment they would suffer if they continued stubbornly to disbelieve. Their only answer was, “We shall not pay heed to your call, nor shall we be frightened by your threats. Indeed, if you speak the truth then bring upon us the punishment you promise.” And in response to his sincere and truthful guidance, Jonah only received curses and ill-treatment from his people.
The Arabic word tarweehah (of which Taraaweeh is the plural form) means “a pause for rest.” At the conclusion of each four rakahs, the worshippers sit and pause for a rest for a little while Salaat-ut-Taraaweeh (the Taraaweeh prayers) is a special form of prayer performed at night in the month of Ramadan, in sets of two rak’ahs each, after the Ishaa prayer and before the witr prayer.
Salaat-ut-Taraaweeh is a Sunnah of the Prophet (pbuh) both for men and women. Allah’s Messenger offered this prayer in the mosque during one night of Ramadan and some people joined him. The next day he did the same and more people prayed behind him. The same thing happened during the third night. The believers expected the Prophet to lead them in this prayer again on the fourth night, but he did not show up until Fajr prayer. To explain why he did so, he told them later “I was afraid it would have become obligatory on you, and you may not be able to carry on with it.” (Al-Bukhaaree)
Job was a prophet, a descendant of Abraham through his son Isaac. God gave Job everything that people desire on earth. He gave him wisdom and piety, the love and respect of people, much wealth, land and cattle, a large family and many friends. Job was ever-grateful for all the blessings that had been bestowed upon him, and praised God much.
Such humble, sincere and devout worship of God enraged Satan, who tried in every way possible to turn Job away from remembering his Lord. But no matter how hard he tried, Job remained steadfast in his faith. Not for a moment did he turn away from worshipping God. Satan could not believe that he had managed to lead Adam astray in Paradise and had not been able to succeed with Job Satan then swore that he would redouble his efforts.
When the Makkan persecution of the Prophet and his family seemed about to crush Islam, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) had an extraordinary experience, known as al-Isra and al-Mirai, or the Night Journey and the Ascension.
Benefits of Fasting
The main reason behind fasting is to attain taqwaa, or piety, as the Quran says:
“O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become pious”
Fasting provides protection and strength for both the soul and the body. It is a sure cure for many illnesses and a wonderful tool for strengthening the soul in the love of Allah and His obedience.
Fasting also provides an exacting exercise in discipline. Allah’s Messenger said, “Fasting is a shield: so when one of you is fasting he should not use foul or foolish talk. If someone attacks him or insults him, let him say, am fasting, I am fasting” (Al-Bukhaaee and Muslim)
Pregnant and Nursing Women
Sawm, or siyaam, is an Arabic word which means “keeping away from something.” In Islam. it means to abstain from eating, drinking and other things from dawn until sunset with the intention of getting closer to Allah.
The fast of Ramadan was made obligatory on Muslims in the second year of the Hijrah. When the month of Ramadan comes, Muslims must fast it because of Allah’s Command:
“So whoever of you witnesses the month of Ramadan) must fast it.”
Fasting also makes one realize, through one’s own experience, how it feels to be hungry and thirsty, and thus to gain a true appreciation of the needs of the poor
For whom is the Fast obligatory?
Praise be to Allah. It is one of the blessings of Allah to the Muslim that He enables him to fast in Ramadan and to spend its nights in prayer. It is a month in which good deeds are multiplied and people are raised in status, when Allah frees some people from the Fire. So the Muslim should strive to make the most of this month and the goodness it brings; he should hasten to spend his life in worship. How many people have been deprived of this month because of sickness, death or misguidance.
The Muslim must make the most of his time during this month; he has an unavoidable duty towards his children, to raise them well and bring them up properly, to urge them to do all kinds of goodness and make them get used to that – because the child will grow up in the manner to which his father makes him get accustomed.
Some benefits of zakah
Zakah has a number of benefits including the following:
- It strengthens the ties of brotherhood between the rich and the poor
- It blesses one’s wealth and purifies the heart from selfishness and thirst for wealth.
- It purifies the heart of the recipient from envy and hate towards those who give it and encourages him to show kindness and love for them.
- It brings about public advancement that leads to the happiness of all members of society.