When the Quraysh found out that the Prophet (pbuh) had departed, leaving only Ali in his bed, covered with his mantle, they became very angry. They offered a reward of a hundred she camels to whomever brought the Prophet (pbuh) back dead or alive.
The Quraysh’s Plot to Assassinate the Prophet (pbuh) Fails
The Quraysh were very upset by the emigration of the Muslims to Madinah. When they saw that the Prophet (pbuh) and his companions had helpers in Madinah, over whom they had no power, the Quraysh were alarmed by the emigration of the Muslims. They knew that if that happened, then they would have no means to stop it. They held a meeting at Dar An-Nadwah, their assembly place. Formerly, in that meeting, the Quraysh nobles consulted with one another on what to do concerning the Prophet (pbuh). The emigration of the Prophet (pbuh) and his companions to a rival city was very harmful to them.
The Hijrah to Madinah
Makkah was no longer a safe place for Muslims to live in. The disbelievers of Makkah were quick to realize the significance of Abu Talib’s death. They intensified their attacks on Muslims. They sought to eradicate the Muslims and Islam. Muslims had no security and no rights in Makkah. Their lives were under threat. Their property was a fair game for the Quraysh.
The Prophet (pbuh) then directed those who had returned from Ethiopia and other Muslims to emigrate and head for Madinah. Quietly, they began to move out. In a few months, more than a hundred families left their homes and emigrated to Madinah.
The Second Pledge of Aqabah
The Second Pledge took place a year after the first one, which was the concluded in the twelfth year of Prophethood. That year during the haji season, many of the people of Yathrib, Muslims and non-Muslims alike, came to Makkah, The Muslims had decided that they would not leave the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) in Makkah to be expelled and persecuted. Seventy-three men and two women, Nusaybah bint Ka’b and Asmaa bint Amr, contacted him in secret and agreed to meet him in secret at night in the mountain pass that is next to Jamrat al-Aqabah.
Preaching Islam to Different Tribes and in Different Places
The disbelievers of Makkah continued to treat the Muslims. The Quraysh continued to plot against the powerless in the city. But the Prophet (pbuh) did not lose heart. Back from Taif, he resumed preaching Islam to the tribes, which stayed around Makkah. He also preached Islam among the caravans that came to Makkah from outside during the days of hajj. Abu Lahab always tried to interrupt the Prophet’s missions. He would tell the people not to pay any attention to what the Prophet was saying.
Islam Spreads in Madinah
Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al- Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing.
The Israa’ and the Mi’raaj (The Night Journey and the Ascension)
It is in this period that the Prophet’s night journey (Israa’) from Al-Masjid al-Haraam in Makkah to Al-Masjid al-Aqsaa in Jerusalem, and his ascension (Mi’raaj) from there through the heavens took place. He was accompanied in this journey by Angel Jibreel, and was taken on a wonderful animal called al-Buraag, which was bigger than a donkey and smaller than a mule, and whose stride reached as far as his eye could see.
The Year of Grief
Khadijah bint Khuwaylid and Abu Talib died in the same year: the tenth year of Prophethood. The Prophet’s grief was deep. He was keenly aware that he was left not only without a caring wife, but also without a protector. His pagan enemies saw in the death of Abu Talib an opportunity to harm and persecute him. The neighbours of the Prophet (pbuh) who were opposed to him, under the leadership of Abu Jahl and his wife Umm Jameel, intensified their attacks against him. The Prophet (pbuh) used to remove the dirty refuse, which they repeatedly threw into his courtyard and in front of his door.
The year in which Khadijah and Abu Talib died became known as Aam al-Huzn (the Year of Grie) because of the great loss to the already persecuted Prophet (pbuh).
The Impact of Words
Words have a great impact. A person might utter a word without thinking about it being pleasing or not to Allah, and so he might ruin his life and bring Allah’s punishment upon himself in the Hereafter On the other hand, he might utter a word because of which Allah will undoubtedly raise his degrees in Paradise.
The Prophet (pbuh) said, “Truly, a person says a word that is pleasing to Allah and though he does not give it any importance, Allah raises him a number of degrees because of it. And truly, a person says a word that is displeasing to Allah, and though he does not give it any importance (when he says he will sink because of it into Hellfire.”
Cambridge Dictionary defines conversation as a talk between two or more people in which thoughts, feelings and ideas are expressed, questions are asked and answered, or news and information are exchanged
Islamic Manners Concerning Conversation
While conversing with others, a Muslim must keep away from falsehood, slander, backbiting and shameful talk. He should protect his tongue from all that Allah and His Messenger (pbuh) have forbidden.
In the Name of Allah, Most Kind, Most Merciful
- By the sun and its brightness,
- And by the moon when it follows it
- And by the day when it shows up (the sun’s brightness),
- And the night when it veils it
- And by the sky and He Who built it,