Quran is the Book of Allah. It needs to be respected, in addition, we have to know the rules how to handle Quran. The rules are called Tilawa, everyone reciting the Quran have to follow them.
- Wudu (Ablution). Before Quran reciting perform Wudu. Allah says:
“None touch it (Quran) except the purified.”
Once Ja‘far As-Sadiq asked his son Ismael to read the Quran. The latter Ismael said that he was not in Wudu. The father said in that case he could recite it but should not touch the writings of the Quran.
- Dua. Before you start reciting the Quran you should read Dua. It allows you to keep your focus and reminds us of what we need to take from the Book of Allah.
- Ask for refuge. When you start you recitation say at first: “A‘oodhubillaahi minash shaytaanir rajeem” (اَعُوْذُبا اللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيْم). It means: I seek refuge in Allah from the cursed Shaytaan. Allah says:
“So when you recite the Quran, [first] seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the expelled [from His mercy].”
- Bismilla. Next say: “Bismillaahir rahmaanir raheem” (بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم ) TIt means: In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
- Follow Qiblaah direction. The best position for Quran reciting is facing Qiblah. However, it is not obligatory. If you do not have possibility to face Qiblah then it is all right.
- Tarteel. It means that Quran should be recited in a good voice with rhythm instead of plain reading.
“Or add to it, and recite the Quran with measured recitation.”
- Do not hurry. Quran should be recited slowly. You should recite all the ayats of the Quran in slow tones and pronounce clearly each word. The Prophet (pbuh) advised Muslims not be thought about finishing a Surat during reciting the Quran. Allah said:
“Move not your tongue with it, [O Muhammad], to hasten with recitation of the Quran.”
- Humility. The Prophet (pbuh) said, that the best reciter was humble when reciting the Quran and realized his own insignificance. Some people exhibit their insignificance and the awe of talking to Allah through weeping. This is a good sign. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said,“Eyes that weep when reciting the Quran will be shining with delight on the Day of Resurrection.”
- Understanding. The Quran is a book of Guidance:
“This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah”
Therefore, it is our duty to understand the words of Allah sent in Quran.
- Look at words. It is better to look at writings when you read the Quran even if you know the Surat by heart. Hadith said, that mere looking at the writings of the Quran carried reward.
- Interaction. Ja‘far As-Sadiq said, that it was important to react to the ayat of the Quran when reciting it. Reciting ayat about Paradise, Mercy and Grace of Allah, Good Outcome in the hereafter, you should hope for these in the heart. On the other hand you should pray to be saved from punishment when you are reading ayat about this.
- Think and ponder over the words of the Quran. Open your heart and mind to the Quran and ponder over what you read. Allah says:
“Then do they not reflect upon the Qur’an, or are there locks upon [their] hearts?”
- Perform Sajidah. There are 15 places in the Quran where performing of Sajidah is required. At 4 places it is obligatory to do Sajidah if we were to read or listen to these sections of the Quran. For the rest of the places it is recommended to do Sajidah.
- Say. “Sadqallaahul ‘Aliyyul ‘Azeem” (صَدَقَ اللهُ العَلِيُّ العَظِيْمُ) every time you end a recitation of the Quran. It means: Allah, the Sublime, the Great, is truthful in what He has said.
- Duas. Read one of the Duas after recitation. You should ask in the dua to be enlighten through the Quran and maked follow the teachings of the Quran.