In the Name of Allah, Most Kind, Most Merciful
- By the bright morning light,
- And by the night when it is still,
- Your Lord has not abandoned you; nor is He displeased with you.
- Indeed, the life to come is better for you than the [first] life,
- And surely your Lord will give you, and you will be content.
- Did He not find you an orphan and gave you shelter?
- And He found you lost and showed you the way?
- And He found you poor and made you rich?
- So do not treat the orphan with oppression;
- And do not turn away the one who asks;
- And speak of the favours of your Lord.
Surah adh-Dhuhaa was revealed in Makkah. It consists of eleven verses. It was revealed to the Prophet (pbuh) during a period of time when he was worried and the Angel Jibreel had not come with any new revelation for quite some time. The disbelievers of Makkah began to tease the Prophet (pbuh) and taunt him by saying that his devil had forsaken him.
Allah revealed this surah as a consolation and assurance to the Prophet (pbuh) for the opposition and persecution he suffered at the hands of the pagan Makkans in the early years of Prophethood.
Although the surah is addressed to the Prophet (pbuh) it has a wider purport: it concerns and is meant to console every faithful man and woman suffering from sorrows and bitter hardships, which so often afflict the good and innocent.
Happiness in human life is widely spaced and short. Man sometimes finds periods of sorrow and suffering overshadowing his existence in this world. But as sure as morning follows night, Allah’s Mercy is bound to alleviate every suffering, either in this world or in the life to come. The Arabic word “as-saail”, which occurs in verse ten, denotes literally, one who asks, which signifies not only a beggar but anyone in a difficult situation who asks for help, whether physical or moral or even for the sake of knowledge!