Belief in Allah is the cornerstone of eemaan. All other forms of belief in Islam revolve around belief in Allah. It is, therefore, very important that a Muslim’s belief in Allah must be correct.
The Importance of the Correct Belief in Allah – The Tawheed
Tawheed means monotheism, the testimony to the Oneness of Allah, and it is of three types:
Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyah (The belief that Allah is the Lord of all the creatures): He is the Creator, the Provider, the One who gives life, the One who takes it away and the One who disposes of all affairs. Therefore, there is no creator except Allah, as Allah the Almighty says, “Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is, over all things, Disposer of affairs.” (Quran, 39:62) There is no one who provides sustenance except Allah, as the Quran says, “And there is no creature on earth but that upon Allah is its provision, and He knows its place of dwelling and place of storage. All is in a clear register.” (Quran, 11:6) There is no one who alone disposes of all the affairs except Allah the Almighty: “He arranges [each] matter from the heaven to the earth…” (Quran, 32:5) There is no one who causes death and gives life except Allah alone: “He gives life and causes death, and to Him you will be returned” (Quran, 10:56)
What is true eemaan, or faith? Who is a true believer (mu’min)? What are the essential elements, or articles, of eemaan? These questions are of vital importance. In fact, this is what Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) explained to Angel Jibreel when the latter asked him about eemaan.
When Angel Jibreel asked the Prophet (pbuh), “What is faith (eemaan)?” He replied, “It is to believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and to believe in the Divine Decree (al-qadar), both the good of it and the bad of it.”
Prophethood came to an end with Muhammad (pbuh ), whom Allah made the “seal of all the Prophets” (khoofcm an-nabiyyeen) and by whom the religion (deen) was completed and perfected. The words of Allah were finally revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) through Angel Jibreel over a period of twenty-three years, from the age of forty to sixty-three, when he passed away.
The Quran states, “This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.”
The most important and basic belief about Allah in Islam is tawheed – the Oneness of Allah. Belief in Allah is the foundation of Islam. It is the bedrock of a Muslim’s faith.
Allah is One – Unique. He is the All-Powerful, the Sustainer of the entire universe. In His Hands are the life and death of all creatures. He is the Sovereign, He is the Lawgiver. He is the Just, All-forgiving, All- Merciful. He is with us in His infinite Knowledge wherever we may be. He is the All-Knowing, All-Seeing, and All-Hearing. The Oneness of Allah forms the basis of all other Islamic beliefs, attitudes, practices and rules. A Muslim should worship none but Allah. He should not associate anything or anyone with Him in worship. He should have absolute trust in Him and love and fear none more than Him.
Allah is Supremely Great. He commands and forbids. He creates and provides. He gives life and causes death. He elevates and abases. He causes the night to pass into the day and causes the day to pass into the night and knows full well all that, is in our hearts.
Indeed, whatever Almighty Allah wills comes into being in the manner He wills it. His orders and His decrees are fulfilled in the heavens, in the farthest reaches of the earth and beneath it, in the seas, the skies and in every part of the universe. He originates whatever He wills and causes to die whatever He wills. His knowledge encompasses everything. He keeps account of every single thing.
There is no god but Allah, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of all that exists. Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and the earth. He is the Most High, the Most Great.
The disbelievers do not esteem Allah with the esteem that is due to Him, and the whole earth will be but His Handful on the Day of Resurrection, and the heavens will be folded up in His Right Hand. Glory be to Him and Exalted is He above that which they associate with Him.
Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said, “Allah has not sent down a disease except that He has also sent down its cure.”
He also said, “Every illness has a cure, and when the (proper) cure is applied to the disease, it is cured with the permission of Allah, the Exalted and Glorious.”
The guidance of the Prophet (pbuh) fired the imagination of Muslim scientists. So medicine occupied the attention of many Muslim scientists over the centuries. This is still alive today in Islamic medicine in some countries.
In fact, the world, particularly the western world, owes a great deal to Islam. Muslim thinkers were very keen to learn from what others outside Islam had discovered. When Islam spread outside Arabia, the learning of the Greek philosophers and scientists in the Byzantine lands – that of Iran and the Hindus of India – all were open to them.