Talhah ibn Ubaidillah embraced Islam at about the same time as Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq. He went with Abu Bakr to the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) who laid Islam before him and recited some verses of the Quran. Talhah embraced Islam instantly. In fact, he was one of the ten companions who were given the good news of Paradise by the Prophet and the first eight people to embrace Islam.
Talhah’s family was shocked at the news that their son had embraced Islam. His mother suffered the most. Talhah was a man of noble character. He had qualities of leadership. His mother wanted him to become a leader of his community. She thought all her hopes were shattered, because of Talhah’s acceptance of Islam. She, however, was determined to turn him away from Islam.
All the people of his tribe attempted to make him leave his new faith, but Talhah was very firm. After having tried all methods of persuasion, the people of his household turned to force to make him change his mind. They began to persecute him. They tied his hands to his neck with a They pushed him and beat him. Talhah suffered many cruelties at the hands of his own people because of his resolve to follow Allah’s Messenger (pbuh). Torture and persecution made Talhah’s devotion to Islam and Allah’s Messenger more and more intense.
Ten days before the Battle of Badr, he was sent by the Prophet (pbuh), together with Sa’eed ibn Zayd to a secret military mission to the confines of syria. He returned too late to take part in the Battle of Badr.
The Battle of Uhud
During the Battle of Uhud, Talhah fought hard for the Prophet’s life. He subsequently participated in all the campaigns led by the Prophet (pbuh).
At one point, during the Battle of Uhud, the Muslim army become very confused. But some companions firmly stood by the Prophet (pbuh). They protected him from the army of the Quraysh. One of them was Talhah ibn Ubaidillah. When the Prophet (pbuh) became exposed to the Quraysh fighters, he was defended by a small group of men and women who shielded him with their own bodies against the swords, spears, arrows and blows of the enemy. These included the celebrated Muslim woman Nusaybah bint Ka’b and such brave Muslims as Sa’d ibn Abee Waqqaas, Ali ibn Abee Talib Umar ibn al-Khattab, Talhah ibn Ubaidillah and others, Muslims were put up to flight and the enemy killed many of them. was a day of trial and testing in which Allah honoured several Muslim fighters with shahaadah (martyrdom). The enemy attacked the Prophet (pbuh) who was hit with a stone and fell on his side; one of his teeth was broken, his face bruised, and his lower lip injured. The man who wounded him was Utbah ibn Abee Waqqaas. The blood began to run down his face. He began to wipe it along while saying, “How can a people prosper who have stained their Prophet’s face with blood while he calls them to their Lord?”
The first man to recognize the Prophet (pbuh) after the rout when men were saying “Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) had been killed” was Ka’b ibn Malik. The Prophet (pbuh) was accompanied by Abu Bakr, Umar, Ali, Talhah and others. They took him up towards the narrow valley. Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) made for a rock on the mountain to climb it. He had put on two coats of mail, so when he tried to get up he could not do so.
Talhah saved the Prophet’s life by intercepting an arrow aimed at the latter with his naked hand. Then he bore the Prophet (pbuh), who himself was wounded, on his shoulders out of the thick of the battle and up the hill.
Talhah was bleeding. Abu Bakr later saw that Talhah had received on that day seventy wounds. The hand of Talhah that had saved the Prophet (pbuh) was withered. He lay unconscious in a hole.
After that day, the Prophet (pbuh) used to say. “Whoever desires to see a martyr (a shaheed) walking on the earth let him look at Talhah.”
The Prophet (pbuh) remained pleased with Talhah until his death. During the Battle of the Camel (36 A.H.), when Talhah se was sixty-two or sixty four years old, he was blessed with martyrdom, for he was killed by a man called Marwan ibn al-Hakam.