Attributes of Allah


Allah is Supremely Great. He commands and forbids. He creates and provides. He gives life and causes death. He elevates and abases. He causes the night to pass into the day and causes the day to pass into the night and knows full well all that, is in our hearts.

Indeed, whatever Almighty Allah wills comes into being in the manner He wills it. His orders and His decrees are fulfilled in the heavens, in the farthest reaches of the earth and beneath it, in the seas, the skies and in every part of the universe. He originates whatever He wills and causes to die whatever He wills. His knowledge encompasses everything. He keeps account of every single thing.

Almighty Allah has the most beautiful names and the loftiest attributes. We must affirm and believe in all His attributes without distorting their obvious meaning, claiming that they mean something other than that which is reported in the Quran or the Sunnah, denying their meaning altogether or likening them to any of those of His creatures. Allah says,

“There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.”

(Quran, 42:11)

He also says,

“And to Allah belong the best names, so invoke Him by them.”

(Quran, 7:180)

His hearing encompasses all voices, yet these voices do not blend into one another. He hears every single voice. He hears and understands all the various tongues, which are distinct in their countless supplications. One supplication does not distract Him from another. The countless petitions of His creatures do not confuse Him.

His Sight envelops everything. He sees absolutely everything. The hidden for Him is visible, and the secret for Him is open, He knows what is secret and what is even more hidden. He knows what is in a person’s mind and conceived in his heart even when it is not uttered by his lips. He knows the treachery of the eyes and what the breasts conceal.

To Allah belong the creation and the command. To Him alone belong this world and the next. In His Hand is all good and to Him return all affairs. His power and mercy encompass all things. His Grace extends to every living thing. He is the Truth, and that which people call upon other than Him is certainly falsehood.

He forgives sins, relieves troubles and removes woes and afflictions. He can do whatever He likes easily and He is in no need of anything. No vision can grasp Him, but He grasps all visions, and His is the creation and the command.

He rewards those who do good deeds, helps the oppressed and humbles the arrogant and haughty. He steadies those who stumble and gives safety from fear. Neither slumber, nor sleep seizes Him. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth.

He is independent of all creatures, He is Self-Sufficient, Praiseworthy. Whatever He has given since creation has not diminished anything in the least of what He possesses. The whole earth will be but His handful on the Day of Resurrection, and the heavens will be rolled up in His Right Hand. Glory be to Him and Exalted is He above that which they associate with Him.

If the first of mankind, the last of them, the human of them and the jinn of them were as pious as the most pious heart of any man of them, that would not increase Allah’s Kingdom in anything. If the first of mankind, the last of them, the human of them and the jinn of them were as wicked as the most wicked heart of any man of them, that would not decrease His Kingdom in anything. If the first of mankind, the last of them, the human of them and the jinn of them were to rise up in one place and make a request of Him, and were He to give everyone what he requested, that would not decrease what He has, anymore than a needle decrease the sea if it is put into it and then taken out of it.

If all the trees on earth, from the beginning to the end of existence, were pens and the oceans were ink, with seven other oceans swelling it thereafter, the words of Allah would not be exhausted.

Glorified and Exalted is Allah! He is the most worthy to be invoked, worshipped and praised. He is the first to be thanked. He is the most Generous of those who give and the most Compassionate of those who have power. He is the Noblest. He is the Most Just. He is unique without an equal. He is eternally existent without children or a mate.

Everything will perish except Him. Every kingdom will come to an end except His Kingdom. Every sheltering shade except His will be withdrawn. When He is obeyed, He is Grateful; when He is disobeyed, He overlooks and excuses sins.

Therefore, we should fear none but Allah, rely on none but Allah and hope for no one’s mercy except for His mercy.

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