In the Name of Allah, the Most Kind, the Most Merciful.
- About what are they asking one another?
- About the great news –
- That over which they are in disagreement.
- No! They are going to know.
- Then, no! They are going to know.
- Have We not made the earth a resting place?
- And the mountains as stakes?
- And We created you in pairs
- And made your sleep [a means for] rest
- And made the night as clothing
- And made the day for livelihood
- And constructed above you seven strong [heavens]
- And made [therein] a burning lamp
- And sent down, from the rain clouds, pouring water
- That We may bring forth thereby grain and vegetation
- And gardens of entwined growth.
- Indeed, the Day of Judgement is an appointed time –
- The Day the Horn is blown and you will come forth in multitudes
- And the heaven is opened and will become gateways
- And the mountains are removed and will be [but] a mirage.
- Indeed, Hell has been lying in wait
- For the transgressors, a place of return,
- In which they will remain for ages [unending].
- They will not taste therein [any] coolness or drink
- Except scalding water and [foul] purulence –
- An appropriate recompense.
- Indeed, they were not expecting an account
- And denied Our verses with [emphatic] denial.
- But all things We have enumerated in writing.
- So taste [the penalty], and never will We increase you except in torment.”
- Indeed, for the righteous is attainment –
- Gardens and grapevines
- And full-breasted [companions] of equal age
- And a full cup.
- No ill speech will they hear therein or any falsehood –
- [As] reward from your Lord, [a generous] gift [made due by] account,
- [From] the Lord of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them, the Most Merciful. They possess not from Him [authority for] speech.
- The Day that the Spirit and the angels will stand in rows, they will not speak except for one whom the Most Merciful permits, and he will say what is correct.
- That is the True Day; so he who wills may take to his Lord a [way of] return.
- Indeed, We have warned you of a near punishment on the Day when a man will observe what his hands have put forth and the disbeliever will say, “Oh, I wish that I were dust!”
Surah an-Naba is a late Makkan surah. Its theme is the continuation of human life after bodily death; that is to say, resurrection and Allah’s ultimate judgment. Its title is derived from the word naba’, which appears in the second verse.
The Makkans found the idea of a final resurrection day difficult to believe. “How could dry bones come alive again?” they argued. The surah, therefore, draws attention to Allah’s supreme power, the True God and Lord who created the earth and the seven heavens. He had no difficulty in creating us in the first place, and He will have no difficulty at all in recomposing the elements of our body and once again giving us life. The resurrection of the body will come about through the supreme power of Almighty Allah.
- The surah begins with a statement of the awesome news of the Day of Judgment and a warning to people of its certainty, (verses 1 -5)
- The certainty of the Day of Rising is then argued by asserting Allah’s absolute Power over His vast and purposeful creation, (verses 6-1 6)
- This follows the graphic description of the misfortune of the evildoers on that day when they will be cast into the Hellfire where they will remain for countless ages, (verses 1 7-30)
- The fate of these evildoers is then contrasted with the happiness and joy awaiting the right-doers in the Gardens of Paradise, (verses 31-36)
- The surah ends with another assertion of Allah’s absolute Power over everything and every being. This life is a test; those who pass it will be richly rewarded, and those who fail the test will regret it bitterly. They will wish at that moment that they could turn into dust so that they could escape the doom of punishment in Hellfire. (verses 37-40)
The question as to whether there is life after death has preoccupied man throughout the ages. Death and resurrection are twin stages of a positive re-creation of the entire human personality – and this is the Quranic view of the life to come. The world has continued its course throughout the ages, but this will not go on forever. The day will come when this world will end. Of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels. It is Allah’s secret. Indeed, Islam teaches us that all people will rise again. This is the truth revealed by Allah many times in the Glorious Quran.
Allah has placed firm mountains on earth to keep it stable. He has created the heavens, the sun and the moon. This illustrates Allah’s supreme power and creativeness. Is not He who has created the universe equally able to resurrect and re-create man in whatever form He deems necessary?
The overwhelming evidence of purpose and plan in all observable objects of nature points to the existence of a Creator Who has not created anything or anyone in this world without meaning and purpose. He will one day pronounce His Judgment on all human beings’ willingness or unwillingness to live up to the standards of morality made clear to them through Divine revelation which Allah’s Messengers made clear to them.