Surat ‘Abasa (He Frowned)

Learn Quran - Surah 'Abasa

This surah was revealed in Makkah early in the Prophet’s mission and consists of forty-two verses. It takes its name from the word ‘abasa with which the surah begins.

One day the Prophet (pbuh) was engrossed in a conversation with some of the most influential chieftains of pagan Makkans, hoping to convince them to accept Islam. At that crucial moment, a blind man among his noble companions whose name was ‘Abdullah ibn Umm Maktoom, who had accepted Islam earlier, came with a request for a repetition of explanation of certain earlier passage of the Quran. Annoyed by this interruption of what he then regarded as a more important endeavour, the Prophet (pbuh) frowned and turned away from the blind man.

The Prophet (pbuh) was immediately, there and then, reproved by the first ten verses of the surah. Later on, the Prophet (pbuh) would greet Ibn Umm Maktoom with these words of humility: “Welcome to him regarding whom my Lord has rebuked me.”

For study purposes, the surah may be divided into four broad sections,

  1. Verses 1-10: These verses were revealed concerning ‘Abdullah ibn Umm Maktoom who came to the Prophet (pbuh) to l earn from him some of what Allah had taught him.
  2. Verses 11-16: This section stresses that the Quran is a reminder to those who truly wish to be reminded.
  3. Verses 1 7-32: This section reproaches man for his arrogant rejection of the truth in spite of enjoying countless bounties Almighty Allah has given him.
  4. Verses 32-42: This section repeats the warning of the Day of Resurrection and contrasts the happy end of the righteous believers with that of the evil disbelievers

In the Name of Allah, the Most Kind, the Most Merciful

  1. The Prophet frowned and turned away
  2. Because there came to him the blind man, [interrupting].
  3. But what would make you perceive, [O Muhammad], that perhaps he might be purified
  4. Or be reminded and the remembrance would benefit him?
  5. As for he who thinks himself without need,
  6. To him you give attention.
  7. And not upon you [is any blame] if he will not be purified.
  8. But as for he who came to you striving [for knowledge]
  9. While he fears [ Allah ],
  10. From him you are distracted.
  11. No! Indeed, these verses are a reminder;
  12. So whoever wills may remember it.
  13. [It is recorded] in honored sheets,
  14. Exalted and purified,
  15. [Carried] by the hands of messenger-angels,
  16. Noble and dutiful.
  17. Cursed is man; how disbelieving is he.
  18. From what substance did He create him?
  19. From a sperm-drop He created him and destined for him;
  20. Then He eased the way for him;
  21. Then He causes his death and provides a grave for him.
  22. Then when He wills, He will resurrect him.
  23. No! Man has not yet accomplished what He commanded him.
  24. Then let mankind look at his food –
  25. How We poured down water in torrents,
  26. Then We broke open the earth, splitting [it with sprouts],
  27. And caused to grow within it grain
  28. And grapes and herbage
  29. And olive and palm trees
  30. And gardens of dense shrubbery
  31. And fruit and grass –
  32. [As] enjoyment for you and your grazing livestock.
  33. But when there comes the Deafening Blast
  34. On the Day a man will flee from his brother
  35. And his mother and his father
  36. And his wife and his children,
  37. For every man, that Day, will be a matter adequate for him.
  38. [Some] faces, that Day, will be bright –
  39. Laughing, rejoicing at good news.
  40. And [other] faces, that Day, will have upon them dust.
  41. Blackness will cover them.
  42. Those are the disbelievers, the wicked ones.

Leave a Reply