Belief in the Last Day (Part 1)

Belief in the Last Day

The Tremendous Event

While the world we live in continues its course through the ages, this will not go on forever. A day will come when time will come to an end, and our time of trial on the earth will be over. When will the world end? Only Allah knows.

The Last Day

The Last Day is called as such because no new day will come after it. The word generally used in the Quran to indicate life after death is al-aakhirah. Death, in the light of the plain teaching of the Quran, is not the end of man’s life. Rather, it only opens the door to another form of life.

The Last Day has a number of names, and there are many verses in the Quran which graphically depict this day. Some of these names are:

Al-Qaariah

Az-Zalzalah

Al-Haaqqah

Al-Yawm al-muheet

Yawm al-Fasl

Al-Yawm ath-Thaqeel

Yawm al-Ba’th

Yawm an-Nuslnoor

Yawm al-Qiyaamah

the Calamity

the Earthquake

the Reality

the Encompassing Day

the Day of Separation

the Hard Day

the Day of Resurrection

the Day of Rising

the Day of Judgment

It is also called as-Saa’h (the Hour). The Hour of Resurrection is so called because it hastens towards us (tas’aa) by passing through moments of time and our breaths.

The term ‘Hour’ also indicates the quickness with which its reckoning will be accomplished, or because it will come suddenly upon mankind, in a moment, and all creatures will die at one shriek.

So when someone dies, his Hour has reached him and his resurrection has already begun.

Belief in the Last Day

Belief in the Last Day is one of the essential articles of faith. Belief in the Last Day consists of belief in everything that the Quran or the Prophet (pbuh) has stated about the events of that day and the events that will take place thereafter. There are various aspects of the day like Resurrection, Judgment and Reward, Paradise and Hell, etc. that every Muslim should be aware of and believe in with certainty.

The Quran and the Prophet (pbuh) have mentioned graphic details of this overwhelming day. The more one has knowledge of that day and its events, the greater effect this belief will have on him. Hence, it is necessary that every Muslim should learn about the events that would occur before and after the Last Day.

Imaam Muslim mentions an authentic hadeeth which states that before the Day of Judgment and the destruction of the earth, Allah will send a cold wind from the direction of Syria which will take the souls of every individual who has even the slightest amount of faith in his heart. Therefore, the events of the end of the earth will befall on the worst of people, those having no faith at all.

One of the many events that will take place before this day is that the sun will rise from the west. At that time, all those people alive will declare their faith but it will be of no avail to them. Their coming to believe will not be accepted by Allah. Then the Trumpet will be blown and all those who are in the heavens and on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allah wills. Then it will be blown a second time, and all the dead will be standing, looking on and waiting. Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Prophet (pbuh) said, “Between the two blowings of the Trumpet there will be forty.” The people said, “Is it forty days, Abu Hurayrah?” I refused to reply. They asked, “Forty years?” I refused to reply, They asked, “Forty months?” I refused to reply and I added, “Everything of a human body will waste away except for the last coccyx bone, and from that bone Allah will reconstruct the whole body.” (al-Bukhaaree)

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