Belief in the Last Day Consists of the Following
- Belief in the Resurrection: After the second blowing of the Trumpet, people will be resurrected before Allah.
The Prophet (pbuh) said, “O people! You will be gathered together before your Lord, barefooted, naked and uncircumcised. The first one to be clothed will be Ibraaheem. Some of my followers will be taken to the left. I will say, “O Lord! These are my followers.” Allah will say, “You do not know what new things they introduced [in religion] after you.”
(al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)
- Belief in the reckoning or weighing of the deeds and the reward or punishment for these deeds. Each descendant of Aadam will be brought on the Day of Arising and will have his deeds weighed on the Scales. If his balance is heavy with good deeds, he will be joyful and will never ever be sorrowful again. However, if his balance is light, then he will be extremely sorrowful. Allah has made it abundantly clear in the Quran that people’s deeds will be weighed.
Allah says, “And the weighing [of deeds] that Day will be the truth. So those whose scales are heavy – it is they who will be the successful. And those whose scales are light – they are the ones who will lose themselves for what injustice they were doing toward Our verses.”
One might ask: How can actions be weighed? The answer is that Allah has the power over everything and so He can weigh them in a manner that He knows. He will surely weigh our deeds accurately and in a just way.
On that day, parts of the human body will be able to speak! They will give account of man’s deeds individually before Allah, and there will be no one to help him.
Some people assume that the Day of Judgment is a long way away and thus there is no need to worry about it now. In fact, such people are greatly mistaken, for we do not know when death will overtake us. As soon as we die our time is over, and therefore we have to be ready to face our Lord.
Allah has the ability to recreate the bodies even after they have completely disintegrated. We may not be able to understand how this will happen exactly, but a believer knows it full well that it is true because He knows that the One who has created us out of nothing can easily bring us to life again.
Indeed, the Quran teaches us that all mankind will be raised from the dead. The resurrection of the dead will come about through the Almighty Power of Allah who has no difficulty whatsoever in creating us out of nothing and, likewise, He will have no difficulty in recomposing the elements of our bodies once again and give us life.
The Resurrection of the body will be a most powerful manifestation of the infinite justice and power of Allah. All mankind from Aadam to the last person to be born and die will stand on the Day of Judgment before Allah.
We should remember, however, that Allah’s reward for His righteous servants will be out of His Infinite Mercy, and that His punishment for His disobedient slaves will be out of His Justice. In fact, His reward will be far greater than the reward the righteous slaves’ mere deeds deserve; He will not punish anyone more than what he deserves. Each one’s new life will be decided on that day and will mark a new beginning for each and every soul. This new beginning will either lead to everlasting joy in Paradise or to eternal punishment in the Hellfire.
- Belief in Paradise and Hell. Paradise is the everlasting abode of bliss for the believers and Hell is the eternal abode of punishment for those who deny of truth. It is important to realize that both Paradise and Hell are in existence at the present time and they will exist forever. Allah and His Messenger (pbuh) make mention of them and describe them in graphic details. A Muslim should not deny their existence or descriptions.
The Grave and the Two Angels: Munkar and Nakeer
Belief in the Last Day also includes belief in everything that will happen to a person after his death and before the Day of Judgment. This consists of the trial in the grave and the joy or punishment in it.
A hadeeth recorded by at-Tirmidhee states that the two angels, Munkar and Nakeer, come to the person in the grave and ask him three questions, “Who is your Lord? What is your religion? and Who is your Prophet?” Other narrations mention the two angels coming and asking him, “What did you use to say about this man?” (meaning Prophet Muhammad (pbuh))
Is the punishment in the grave a punishment that smites the soul or is it one that also afflicts the body, which over time disintegrates? You will learn about such aspects of the grave in the years to come, Inslnaa Allaah.
We will also discuss in some detail some other aspects of life after death, like the Pool or Basin (al-Kawthar) of the Prophet the various kinds of Intercessors, the handing down of the scrolls of deeds, passing over the Siraat (the Bridge set over Hellfire and leads to Paradise) and Paradise and Hell and their descriptions.
We conclude this chapter with a hadeetln which presents a fearsome spectacle of Reckoning and should be sufficient to stir one to prepare now for then.
Whenever ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan stopped by a grave, he would weep until his beard soaked. He was once asked, “How is it that you weep when you stop by a grave?” He answered, “I once heard Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) say, The grave is the first stage of the hereafter. Should the one who occupies it be delivered therefrom, then what follows will be easier than it. But if he is not delivered therefrom, then what follows is to be severer”’ (at-Tirmidhee and Ibn Maajah)