This surah was revealed in Makkah and consists of twenty-five verses. In fact, its was revealed after surot ol-lnfitoor [surah eighty-two). The main theme of this surah is the Day of Resurrection.
This surah may be divided into four sections.
- It begins with a graphic description of the coming of the Last Hour (verses 1 -5).
- People are reminded of their own condition on the Day of Judgment. They will either be given their records of deeds in their right hands and thus will be happy, or in their left hands behind their backs and will be doomed.
The verse, “O mankind, indeed you are laboring toward your Lord with [great] exertion and will meet it.” means whatever deed you do you will meet Allah with, whether it is good or bad. People are tested in this world. Angel Jibreel once said to the Prophet (pbuh), “ O Muhammad, live how you wish, for truly you will die; love whomever you wish, for surely you will leave them; and do whatever you wish, for certainly you will meet it (i.e. your deed).” (verses 6-15).
- An oath by the twilight, the night and the moon is followed by the assertion that man goes through different conditions in this life and after death.
Verse 1 9 is significant. “Surely you are bound to move onward from stage to stage.” This means from one state to another state, which is an unceasing progression. Man’s existence is not stationary. He must progress from the state of the living to that of the dead, and from the state of the death to a new state of life in the next world. His onward movement will not cease at the moment of his bodily death. It will be followed by a changeover into another state of being in the next world (verses 16-19).
- (Verses 20-25) mark the end of the surah. The surah ends with a warning of punishment to those who reject the faith and stubbornly refuse to heed the Quran and gives good news to the people of faith who will enjoy an unending reward.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Kind, the Most Merciful
- When the sky has split [open]
- And has responded to its Lord and was obligated [to do so]
- And when the earth has been extended
- And has cast out that within it and relinquished [it]
- And has responded to its Lord and was obligated [to do so] –
- mankind, indeed you are laboring toward your Lord with [great] exertion and will meet it.
- Then as for he who is given his record in his right hand,
- He will be judged with an easy account
- And return to his people in happiness.
- But as for he who is given his record behind his back,
- He will cry out for destruction
- And [enter to] burn in a Blaze.
- Indeed, he had [once] been among his people in happiness;
- Indeed, he had thought he would never return [to Allah ].
- But yes! Indeed, his Lord was ever of him, Seeing.
- So I swear by the twilight glow
- And [by] the night and what it envelops
- And [by] the moon when it becomes full
- [That] you will surely experience state after state.
- So what is [the matter] with them [that] they do not believe,
- And when the Quran is recited to them, they do not prostrate [to Allah ]?
- But those who have disbelieved deny,
- And Allah is most knowing of what they keep within themselves.
- So give them tidings of a painful punishment,
- Except for those who believe and do righteous deeds. For them is a reward uninterrupted.