Jayammum is an Arabic word which means ‘to turn to, to aim at, to head for, to intend’. The relevance of the term in the Islamic Law [sharee’ah] is that when water is either not available or when its use is likely to cause harm one should ‘turn to’ clean earth with the intention of offering salaah and other acts of worship which require wudhoo. Toyammum is, therefore, a symbolic ablution. It is a way of obtaining purification when water is not available.
Making dua is one of the greatest bounties Almighty Allah has given us. Through it we may get anything we desire by sincerely asking Allah for it. Of course, there are certain conditions that need to be fulfilled for dua to be accepted. But dua is an act of worship in itself that is simple, easy and available at anytime we feel like it because Allah is al-Hayy and ol-Qayyoom: always there to listen to our dua and respond to it.
None of us, therefore, should ever despair and say, “I don’t think Allah will answer my supplication”. Rather, we should be hopeful and frequently pray to Him to grant us what we want in this life and in the hereafter.
This surah consists of thirty-six verses and takes its name from the term al-mutaffifeen, which occurs in the first verse.
This surah may be divided into four sections.
It opens up with a severe warning of distress and sorrow to those who deceive others in commercial dealings by giving short measures when they have to give by measure and weight to others and demanding full measure when they have to receive by measure and weight from others. Thus it touches upon every aspect of social, practical and moral relations. It applies to every individual’s rights and duties. This surah strongly warns those who practise cheating, trickery and other evil methods when dealing with others. The first part of the surah condemns those people who try to gain something at the cost of others. They use double standards — one for themselves, the other for everyone else. We observe this wicked practice among shopkeepers, grocers, traders and businessmen, among many others. They evade taxes, use cheap materials, sell outdated medicines, hide defects in their products, use false advertisements and bribe officials in order to amass money. They spend their whole lives cheating and hoarding. They defraud their workers by not paying them a just wage, use false weights and measures, adulterate food and other products for sale, re-write expiry dates, overcharge customers and even deal in usury (the so-called interest) by taking unjust advantage of other people’s needs in order to make excessive profits. The Quran warns them, “Do they not know that they are bound to be resurrected and called to account on an awesome day, the day when mankind will stand before the Lord of all the worlds?” (verses 1 – 6)
If there is only an individual present (one ma’moom), the ma’moom must station himself to the right of the prayer leader (imam); he must not stand behind him or on his left,
If they are a congregation (jamaah), that is to say, if there is more than one ma’moom, they should stand behind the imam. Hence, if the male followers are two or more, they stand behind the imam. If the group is made up of men and women, the men stand behind the imam while the women stand behind the men. If there is only one man and one woman, the man stands beside the imam on his right, while the woman stands behind them.
The ma’moom is not allowed to pray alone behind a row; otherwise, his prayer will not be valid.
The expression ‘fair play’ contains so much of meaning in it. To play fair with others is to leave their honour, their reputation, and their property in good state. Some people cause others great harm and grief; for example, because they are so careless in the way they talk about others. They are so careless about truthfulness, so indifferent and insensitive to the rights of others. You would feel sick, for instance, if your reputation were at the mercy of their sharp and uncontrolled tongues. Then again, there are people who refuse to play fair with the property rights of others. They refuse to play fair with their responsibilities and obligations. Your name and your possessions, hard-earned and perhaps badly needed, are not safe with such people. Public funds are not safe with them either.
The major theme of this surah is the Day of Resurrection and the Judgment. Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) is reported to have said, “He who desires to see the Day of Resurrection as though he is seeing it with his own eyes should recite surot at-Takweer, surot al-lnfitaar, and surot ol-lnshiqooq.” (at-Tirmidhee) In other words, these surahs offer a graphic, accurate and a realistic view of what that dreadful day will be like!
This surah was revealed in Makkah and consists of nineteen verses. It may be divided into four parts:
There are fifteen verses (aayaat: sing, aayah) in the Quran which require us to perform a prostration when we read or hear them. In them it is mentioned that Allah’s servants and creation prostrate before their Lord. They are:
When one of these verses is read (for example 32: 15 or 25: 60), readers and listeners alike perform sujood, either directly from the sitting position, if one is sitting, or from the standing position if, for example, the passage is recited during the prayer. The prayer is then resumed in the normal order.
The Glorious Quran is the Word of Allah. It is addressed to us. It is the Book of eternal guidance given to us by the Ever-living Allah. It is as relevant for us today just as it was over fourteen centuries ago and will remain so forever. The Quran is the Speech of Allah – as if Allah were speaking to us through it now and today.
Words of the Prophet (pbuh) about the Quran
Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said, «The superiority of the Speech of Allah over all other speech is like the superiority of Allah over His creation» (At-Tirmidhee and ad-Daarimee)
This surah offers a universal overturning. The sky, the seas, the mountains and the normal order of life will be one day pulled away, and the deepest secrets within it will be made bare! This surah was revealed very early in Makkah. It takes its name from the fact in the first verse that the sun will be wrapped up in darkness [kuwwirat); the term takweer is derived from it. The surah consists of twenty-nine verses and may be divided into three sections dealing with the following major themes: