Suhat Mutaffifin

Learn Quran - Surah Mutaffifin

This surah consists of thirty-six verses and takes its name from the term al-mutaffifeen, which occurs in the first verse.

This surah may be divided into four sections.

  1. It opens up with a severe warning of distress and sorrow to those who deceive others in commercial dealings by giving short measures when they have to give by measure and weight to others and demanding full measure when they have to receive by measure and weight from others. Thus it touches upon every aspect of social, practical and moral relations. It applies to every individual’s rights and duties. This surah strongly warns those who practise cheating, trickery and other evil methods when dealing with others. The first part of the surah condemns those people who try to gain something at the cost of others. They use double standards — one for themselves, the other for everyone else. We observe this wicked practice among shopkeepers, grocers, traders and businessmen, among many others. They evade taxes, use cheap materials, sell outdated medicines, hide defects in their products, use false advertisements and bribe officials in order to amass money. They spend their whole lives cheating and hoarding. They defraud their workers by not paying them a just wage, use false weights and measures, adulterate food and other products for sale, re-write expiry dates, overcharge customers and even deal in usury (the so-called interest) by taking unjust advantage of other people’s needs in order to make excessive profits. The Quran warns them, “Do they not know that they are bound to be resurrected and called to account on an awesome day, the day when mankind will stand before the Lord of all the worlds?” (verses 1 – 6)

  1. The second section (verses 7 – 17) states that the destination of the evildoers will be in sijjeen, an eternal prison and a painful torment. They will be sent to Hell-fire, which is the lowest of the low. This will be their punishment for denying the truth of the Quran, refusing to believe in the Day of Resurrection, transgressing the limits set by Allah and making fun of Allah’s revelations. They will even be deprived of seeing the Lord of the worlds on the Day of Judgment,
  2. The third section (verses 18 – 28) states that, in contrast with the evildoers, the righteous people will be in eternal pleasure and gardens with great delights. Almighty Allah then mentions that for the like of this eternal bliss that people should compete with one another, llliyyoon means Paradise; some scholars have said that it is located at Sidrat al-Muntahaa, the lote tree at the utmost boundary of the seventh heaven beyond which no one can pass.
  3. The fourth section (verses 29-36) marks the end of the surah. It paints a picture of mockery directed at the believers by the wicked disbelievers. This description is taken directly from the real life of Makkah at the time of the Prophet (pbuh). The same thing, however, has been taking place again and again throughout the ages. This presents a contrast of attitude: the evildoers persecute the believers and mock them while the believers stick to their attitude of tolerance and self-respect, worshipping their Lord as much as they can, hopeful of His mercy, forgiveness and great reward in the hereafter. The Quran promises the believers that a day will surely come when they will have the last laugh. In the final moment, it will be the mockers who will be mocked and the tormentors will be tormented, but in Hell-fire and for all eternity!

In the Name of Allah, the Most Kind, the Most Merciful

  1. Woe to those who give less [than due],
  2. Who, when they take a measure from people, take in full.
  3. But if they give by measure or by weight to them, they cause loss.
  4. Do they not think that they will be resurrected
  5. For a tremendous Day –
  6. The Day when mankind will stand before the Lord of the worlds?
  7. No! Indeed, the record of the wicked is in sijjeen.
  8. And what can make you know what is sijjeen?
  9. It is [their destination recorded in] a register inscribed.
  10. Woe, that Day, to the deniers,
  11. Who deny the Day of Recompense.
  12. And none deny it except every sinful transgressor.
  13. When Our verses are recited to him, he says, “Legends of the former peoples.”
  14. No! Rather, the stain has covered their hearts of that which they were earning.
  15. No! Indeed, from their Lord, that Day, they will be partitioned.
  16. Then indeed, they will [enter and] burn in Hellfire.
  17. Then it will be said [to them], “This is what you used to deny.”
  18. No! Indeed, the record of the righteous is in ‘illiyyun.
  19. And what can make you know what is ‘illiyyun?
  20. It is [their destination recorded in] a register inscribed
  21. Which is witnessed by those brought near [to Allah].
  22. Indeed, the righteous will be in pleasure
  23. On adorned couches, observing.
  24. You will recognize in their faces the radiance of pleasure.
  25. They will be given to drink [pure] wine [which was] sealed.
  26. The last of it is musk. So for this let the competitors compete.
  27. And its mixture is of Tasneem,
  28. A spring from which those near [to Allah] drink.
  29. Indeed, those who committed crimes used to laugh at those who believed.
  30. And when they passed by them, they would exchange derisive glances.
  31. And when they returned to their people, they would return jesting.
  32. And when they saw them, they would say, “Indeed, those are truly lost.”
  33. But they had not been sent as guardians over them.
  34. So Today those who believed are laughing at the disbelievers,
  35. On adorned couches, observing.
  36. Have the disbelievers [not] been rewarded [this Day] for what they used to do?

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