Etiquette and Duties on Friday
- Wearing clean clothes and perfume
The Prophet (pbuh) said, “Each Muslim male must take a bath on Friday and wear his best clothes; and if he has any fragrance, let him wear it,” (Ahmad and Abu Daawood)
- Reciting Surat al-Kahf
It is recommended to recite Surat al-Kahf on the preceding night or during the day of Friday, Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said, “Whoever recites Surat al-Kahf on Friday, what is between the Fridays will be illuminated by light for him,” (al-Haakim)
- Invoking Allah’s peace and blessings upon the Prophet (pbuh)
It is recommended to invoke Allah’s peace and blessings upon the Prophet (pbuh) during the night before Friday and during the day of Jumaat, as the Prophet (pbuh) said, “Invoke Allah’s blessings upon me, many times over, on Friday and the night (preceding it); for whoever does so, I will be a witness and intercessor for him on the Day of Judgment.” (al-Bayhaqee)
- Increasing one’s supplications on Friday
One should increase one’s supplications to Allah on Friday because there is a time on this day during which Almighty Allah responds and gives whatever good He is asked for. The Prophet (pbuh) said, “There is an hour on Friday in which no Muslim asks during it except that Allah grants him whatever he asks for.” (Muslim)
- Leaving home early to arrive before its time
Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said, “Whoever takes a bath like that taken to purify oneself from sexual impurity on Friday, then he leaves at the earlier time, then he is like one who offers a camel; the one who comes after that is like one who offers a horned ram; the one who comes after that is like one who offers a cow; the one who comes after that is like one who offers a horned ram; the one who comes after that is like one who offers a chicken; and the one who comes after that is like one who offers an egg. When the imam arrives, the angels are present to listen to the remembrance (i.e. the khutbah).” (Maalik)
When a latecomer enters the mosque, he must not step over the necks of the people already assembled in rows, nor separate between two people, nor get someone to move from where he is sitting and then sit in his place.
He must not pass directly in front of someone who is already engaged in prayer because the Prophet (pbuh) warned against this.
As far as possible one should arrive in time and one should make an effort to find a place close to the prayer leader and preacher (the imam), then listen to the sermon attentively, without speaking to anyone. If a person speaks, he is guilty of the sin of engaging himself in vain talk.
- Offering two rakats upon entering the mosque and before sitting down
A Muslim must perform two rakats before he sits down. However, if he enters the mosque while the imam is delivering his sermon, he should offer two rakats briefly. The Prophet (rakats) said, “If anyone of you enters the mosque on Friday while the imam is delivering the sermon, let him perform two rakats and be brief in doing so.” (Muslim)
It is recommended to perform additional rakats of prayer before the start of the sermon. The Prophet (pbuh) said, “There is not a man who takes a bath on Friday, using whatever is available for purification, then applies some oil or wears some fragrance from hiSxhome, then he goes to the mosque, not separating between two people, then he prays what is written for him to pray, then he listens attentively to the imam when he speaks, except that all the sins he has committed since the preceding Friday are forgiven as long as he has not committed a major sin.” (al-Bukhaaree)
- Being quiet when the imam comes
The Prophet (pbuh) said, “If you say to your companion Be quiet’ on Friday while the imam is delivering the khutbah, then you have uttered nonsense,” (Muslim) He also said, “Whoever touches the gravel (while the imam is delivering the Friday sermon) has uttered nonsense, and whoever utters nonsense is considered as if he has not attended the Friday prayer,” (Abu Daawood)
Once, while the Khateeb was giving the khutbah on the day of Jumaat, a man sneezed and said al-hamdulillaah (All praise be to Allah). The man sitting by his side said to him yarhamuk-Allaah (May Allah have mercy on you). When Sa’eed ibn al-Musayyib was asked about this incident, he told the man that he should not have said that and said to him, “Don’t do it again.” (Muwatta’ Imam Maalik)
- Not engaging in buying and selling once the call to the Friday prayer has been announced
Almighty Allah says, “When (the adhan) is called for the prayer on the day of Jumaat (Friday), then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade.” (Quran, 62:9)
The Friday prayer (salaat-ul-Jumaat) consists of two rakats. They are performed immediately after the sermon behind the prayer leader. If someone misses it, he must perform the noon prayer (Dhuhr) instead.
The regular noon prayer (salaat-udh-Dhuhr), which is one of the five prayers, on the other days of the week, is replaced by the salaat-ul-Jumaat consisting of two rakats.
In the course of its performance, it is Sunnah of the Prophet (pbuh) to recite the Quran in an audible voice.
Catching a Rakat or Part of It
If someone comes late for the Friday prayer and catches one rakat of salaat-ul-Jumaat, he should add the rakat he has missed after the imam recites the tasleem, and he is of course liable for the reward of the prayer. Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said, “Whoever catches a rakat, he has actually caught the whole prayer.” (al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)
The Sunnah prayers after Salaat-ul-Jumaat
It was the Prophet’s practice to pray two rakats in his house and four rakats in the mosque after performing salaat-ul-Jumaat.