Prophethood came to an end with Muhammad (pbuh ), whom Allah made the “seal of all the Prophets” (khoofcm an-nabiyyeen) and by whom the religion (deen) was completed and perfected. The words of Allah were finally revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) through Angel Jibreel over a period of twenty-three years, from the age of forty to sixty-three, when he passed away.
The Quran states, “This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.”
The most important and basic belief about Allah in Islam is tawheed – the Oneness of Allah. Belief in Allah is the foundation of Islam. It is the bedrock of a Muslim’s faith.
Allah is One – Unique. He is the All-Powerful, the Sustainer of the entire universe. In His Hands are the life and death of all creatures. He is the Sovereign, He is the Lawgiver. He is the Just, All-forgiving, All- Merciful. He is with us in His infinite Knowledge wherever we may be. He is the All-Knowing, All-Seeing, and All-Hearing. The Oneness of Allah forms the basis of all other Islamic beliefs, attitudes, practices and rules. A Muslim should worship none but Allah. He should not associate anything or anyone with Him in worship. He should have absolute trust in Him and love and fear none more than Him.
Her real name was, according to some authorities, Rumaylah, and according to others, Sahlah and Maleekah. She was also called Umm Sulaym, which was her kunyah. She was the daughter of Milhaan ibn Haraam, a prominent member of Banu an-Najjaar who were closely associated with the Prophet’s house and family.
Umm Sulaym’s first husband was Malik ibn an-Nadhr. She bore him Anas, the famous companion of the Prophet She embraced Islam at an early period, while her husband remained a disbeliever. After his death, she received a marriage proposal from Abu Talhah, but she refused because he was an idolater. However, when he embraced Islam, she readily consented to marry him. She regarded his acceptance of Islam as her only dowry (mah).
Talhah ibn Ubaidillah embraced Islam at about the same time as Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq. He went with Abu Bakr to the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) who laid Islam before him and recited some verses of the Quran. Talhah embraced Islam instantly. In fact, he was one of the ten companions who were given the good news of Paradise by the Prophet and the first eight people to embrace Islam.
Talhah’s family was shocked at the news that their son had embraced Islam. His mother suffered the most. Talhah was a man of noble character. He had qualities of leadership. His mother wanted him to become a leader of his community. She thought all her hopes were shattered, because of Talhah’s acceptance of Islam. She, however, was determined to turn him away from Islam.
Bilal ibn Rabaah was an Ethiopian slave. He belonged to some people of the tribe of Banu Jumah. He was known for his hard work and loyalty to his master Umayyah ibn Khalaf, a leader of his tribe. He was one of the very early converts toIslam. He was tortured mercilessly by his master until Abu Bakr bought him and freed him.
When Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) began preaching Islam, Bilal was so deeply moved by the wonderful character of the Prophet (pbuh) and the remarkable teachings of Islam he was calling to that he decided to embrace this new religion. In fact, he was the first slave to become Muslim in the history of Islam.
He was Abu Ubaidah Amir ibn Abdullah al-Jarraah. He embraced Islam at an early period of the Islam ic mission. He was popularly known as Abu Ubaidah. He was a tall and thin man with a wonderful face. He was very sensitive, modest and full of life and vigour. He was not boastful but was fiercely courageous. He was bright and sharp like the blade of a sword.
He embraced Islam after Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq, Abu Bakr himself brought Abu Ubaidah to the told of Islam. In fact, he was among the first followers of the Prophet (pbuh) beside his own household.
He was Abu Dharr Jundub ibn Junadah al-Ghifaaree. He was one of the early converts to Islam. He was probably the fifth Muslim from among the freeborn men.
During his early life, he achieved fame as a daring raider. The Ghifaar tribe to which he belonged lived in the Waddan Valley. The Makkan caravans, laden with their many goods and riches, had to pass through this valley, and Abu Dharr used to lead the youths of his tribe in raids on the trade caravans. The tribe members lived by what these caravans gave in return for protection. If they refused to pay the price, Abu Dharr with his company of youths would attack them and cause great damage to the trading caravan.
She was Khadijah bint (daughter of) Khuwaylid ibn (son of) Asad ibn Abd-ul-Uzzaa ibn Qusayy. Khadijah was of the Quraysh. The lineage of the Prophet (pbuh) meets with her in the celebrated Qusay. Qusay was the great founder of Makkah and was the famous patriarch of the Quraysh.
When Khadijah heard of the Prophet’s wonderful moral conduct, she requested him to head her trading caravans. When he went on a business trip to Syria along with her trusted slave Maisarah, this trip proved extremely profitable. During the journey, Maisarah noticed wonderful qualities in the Prophet (pbuh), such as honesty, adherence to noble principles, agreeable dealings and business skills. The Prophet (pbuh) succeeded very well in his business mission. The profits were unusually high.
The Thamood are another ancient people next only to the Aad in fame
The Thamood lived in the north-western part of Arabia, which is still called al-Hijr. Today there is a station on the Hijaz railway between Madinah and Tabuk. This is called Madaain Salih, which was the capital town of ood, and was then known as al-Hijr, the rock-hewn city. This has survived to this day and is spread over thousands of acres. It was once inhabited by no less than half a million people. During the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Arab trade caravans passed through the ruins of this city.
Allah blessed the descendants of Nuh who spread over the earth, and one community from them was Aad. These were ancient Arab people who were very well known throughout Arabia for their glory and greatness.
According to the Quran, the people of Aad lived mainly in the Ahaaaf region, which is situated to the southwest of the Empty Quarter, between Hijaz, Yemen and Yamamah. It was from there that the people of Aad spread to the western coast of Yemen and established themselves in Oman, Hadramawt and Iraq.