Sural al-Burooj was revealed in Makkah and consists of twenty-two verses. This surah may be divided into six parts.
In the first part (verses 1-3), Almighty Allah swears by the sky and the great stars; the Day of Resurrection; the witness, which is Friday and the witnessed, which is the Day of Arafah.
The second section (verses 4-9) refers to the story of the People of the Ditch. It provides information about a group of people who were among the disbelievers. They went after those among them who believed in Allah and they attempted to force them to give up their religion. However, the believers refused to recant, so the disbelievers dug a ditch for them in the ground. Then they lit a great fire in it and prepared some fuel for it in order to keep it ablaze. Then they tried to convince the believers to leave their religion again, but they still refused to do so, so they threw them into the blazing fire.
This surah consists of thirty-six verses and takes its name from the term al-mutaffifeen, which occurs in the first verse.
This surah may be divided into four sections.
It opens up with a severe warning of distress and sorrow to those who deceive others in commercial dealings by giving short measures when they have to give by measure and weight to others and demanding full measure when they have to receive by measure and weight from others. Thus it touches upon every aspect of social, practical and moral relations. It applies to every individual’s rights and duties. This surah strongly warns those who practise cheating, trickery and other evil methods when dealing with others. The first part of the surah condemns those people who try to gain something at the cost of others. They use double standards — one for themselves, the other for everyone else. We observe this wicked practice among shopkeepers, grocers, traders and businessmen, among many others. They evade taxes, use cheap materials, sell outdated medicines, hide defects in their products, use false advertisements and bribe officials in order to amass money. They spend their whole lives cheating and hoarding. They defraud their workers by not paying them a just wage, use false weights and measures, adulterate food and other products for sale, re-write expiry dates, overcharge customers and even deal in usury (the so-called interest) by taking unjust advantage of other people’s needs in order to make excessive profits. The Quran warns them, “Do they not know that they are bound to be resurrected and called to account on an awesome day, the day when mankind will stand before the Lord of all the worlds?” (verses 1 – 6)
The major theme of this surah is the Day of Resurrection and the Judgment. Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) is reported to have said, “He who desires to see the Day of Resurrection as though he is seeing it with his own eyes should recite surot at-Takweer, surot al-lnfitaar, and surot ol-lnshiqooq.” (at-Tirmidhee) In other words, these surahs offer a graphic, accurate and a realistic view of what that dreadful day will be like!
This surah was revealed in Makkah and consists of nineteen verses. It may be divided into four parts:
The Glorious Quran is the Word of Allah. It is addressed to us. It is the Book of eternal guidance given to us by the Ever-living Allah. It is as relevant for us today just as it was over fourteen centuries ago and will remain so forever. The Quran is the Speech of Allah – as if Allah were speaking to us through it now and today.
Words of the Prophet (pbuh) about the Quran
Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said, «The superiority of the Speech of Allah over all other speech is like the superiority of Allah over His creation» (At-Tirmidhee and ad-Daarimee)
This surah offers a universal overturning. The sky, the seas, the mountains and the normal order of life will be one day pulled away, and the deepest secrets within it will be made bare! This surah was revealed very early in Makkah. It takes its name from the fact in the first verse that the sun will be wrapped up in darkness [kuwwirat); the term takweer is derived from it. The surah consists of twenty-nine verses and may be divided into three sections dealing with the following major themes:
This surah was revealed in Makkah and consists of twenty-five verses. In fact, its was revealed after surot ol-lnfitoor [surah eighty-two). The main theme of this surah is the Day of Resurrection.
This surah may be divided into four sections.
It begins with a graphic description of the coming of the Last Hour (verses 1 -5).
People are reminded of their own condition on the Day of Judgment. They will either be given their records of deeds in their right hands and thus will be happy, or in their left hands behind their backs and will be doomed.
This surah was revealed in Makkah early in the Prophet’s mission and consists of forty-two verses. It takes its name from the word ‘abasa with which the surah begins.
One day the Prophet (pbuh) was engrossed in a conversation with some of the most influential chieftains of pagan Makkans, hoping to convince them to accept Islam. At that crucial moment, a blind man among his noble companions whose name was ‘Abdullah ibn Umm Maktoom, who had accepted Islam earlier, came with a request for a repetition of explanation of certain earlier passage of the Quran. Annoyed by this interruption of what he then regarded as a more important endeavour, the Prophet (pbuh) frowned and turned away from the blind man.
Belief in the angels is another fundamental belief that forms the cornerstone of eemaan – faith. When Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) was asked by Angel Jibreel, “What is Faith?” He replied, “It is to believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and to believe in the Divine Decree (al-qadar), both the good and the bad of it.” (Muslim)
Belief in the Angels, therefore, is the second article of faith.
What is true eemaan, or faith? Who is a true believer (mu’min)? What are the essential elements, or articles, of eemaan? These questions are of vital importance. In fact, this is what Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) explained to Angel Jibreel when the latter asked him about eemaan.
When Angel Jibreel asked the Prophet (pbuh), “What is faith (eemaan)?” He replied, “It is to believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and to believe in the Divine Decree (al-qadar), both the good of it and the bad of it.”