The Prophet (pbuh) said, “Each Muslim male must take a bath on Friday and wear his best clothes; and if he has any fragrance, let him wear it,” (Ahmad and Abu Daawood)
Reciting Surat al-Kahf
It is recommended to recite Surat al-Kahf on the preceding night or during the day of Friday, Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said, “Whoever recites Surat al-Kahf on Friday, what is between the Fridays will be illuminated by light for him,” (al-Haakim)
Shortening the obligatory prayers (Qasr-us-Salaat) means to perform two rakats instead of four rakat for the noon prayer (salaat-udh-Dhuhr), the afternoon prayer (salaat-ul-Asr) and the late evening prayer (salaat-ul-lshaa’) l reciting Surat al-Fctcttihah in addition to another surah of the Quran. There is no shortened form of the dawn prayer (salaat-ul-Fajr), which always consists of two rakats, nor of the sunset prayer (salaat-ul-Maghrib), which invariably consists of three rakats.
If there is only an individual present (one ma’moom), the ma’moom must station himself to the right of the prayer leader (imam); he must not stand behind him or on his left,
If they are a congregation (jamaah), that is to say, if there is more than one ma’moom, they should stand behind the imam. Hence, if the male followers are two or more, they stand behind the imam. If the group is made up of men and women, the men stand behind the imam while the women stand behind the men. If there is only one man and one woman, the man stands beside the imam on his right, while the woman stands behind them.
The ma’moom is not allowed to pray alone behind a row; otherwise, his prayer will not be valid.
Salah is an Arabic word which lexically means dua, or supplication. Its legal meaning refers to, among other things, the set of recitations and movements such as standing, bowing and prostrating in a certain manner in response to Allah’s command to perform it and seeking to get closer to Him.
The Importance of the Prayer
The prayer is the first deed about which one will be questioned on the Day of Judgment. If one’s prayer is sound and acceptable, then one will certainly achieve eternal success and eternal happiness. However, if one’s prayer is incorrect, incomplete or corrupt in some way, one will not be successful on that day.
Laa llaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shal’in qadeer (There is no god but Allah Alone: He has no partner, His is the dominion and His is the praise, and He is Capable of all things)
ten times, will have the same reward as that given for freeing ten slaves; one hundred rewards will be written in his account, one hundred sins will be removed from his account, and this saying will be a shield for him from Satan on that day till night, and nobody will be able to do a better deed except the one who has done more than him.”
The two prostrations for forgetfulness are normally offered to make up for the shortcomings that occur due to forgetfulness or error There are three cases where these prostrations are required: addition, deletion and doubt.
If one omits a necessary element because of forgetfulness, validity can be restored by performing the prostrations of forgetfulness (sujud as-sahw), but if the omission is deliberate, the salah will be null and void.
Islam: Allah does not accept the actions of non-Muslims.
Sanity, This means that one has to have a sound mind, not mad.
Reaching the age of puberty: children, however, must be ordered to pray at the age of seven.
Purity: Allah’s Messenger said, “Allah does not accept salah without purity.” Muslim) This includes purity of the body, the clothes and the place where one intends to pray.
The Time: Salah is due only when its time has started.
Covering the awrah, or the parts of the body that have to be covered: The awrah of a man is all that is between the navel and the knees, and that of a woman is every part of her except the face and hands.
Having the intention in the heart to perform the prayer.
Facing the Qiblah: This means facing the direction of the Ka’bah in Makkah.
The Times of the Obligatory Prayers and the Number of their Rak’ahs
The obligatory prayers are five in number. They are:
The dawn prayer (salaat-ul-Fajr): consists of two rak’ahs, starts with the coming of dawn until the sky starts to become yellowish. The time for the Fajr prayer lasts until sunrise.
The noon prayer (salaat-udh-Dhuhr): consists of four rak’ahs, starts from after midday until mid-afternoon, when an object’s shadow is about the same length as the object itself.
The afternoon prayer (salaat-ul-Asr): consists of four rak’ahs begins from the time when the length of one’s shadow is equal to one’s height, until the sun begins to change colour before sunset. The time of Asr prayer lasts until just before sunset.
The sunset prayer (salaat-ul-Maghrib): conssts of three rak’ahs begins immediately after sunset. The time of the Maghrib prayer lasts until the twilight disappears. The twilight is the soft glowing light tom the sky when the sun has already set.
The late evening prayer (salaat-ul-Isha): consist of four rak’ahs, begins with the disappearance of the twilight and continues up to half the night.
Allah the Almighty says, “Prayers have been prescribed for the believers at set times.”
(Surah an-Nisaa 4.103)
Here, Alan commands Muslims to perform the prayer (salah) at its prescribed times. In fact, the prayer was the first obligatory duty upon the Prophet (pbuh) and his followers. It will also be the first action Allah the Almighty will question us on the Day of Judgement. Indeed, the salah is the supporting pillar of Islam. If someone believes it is not obligatory and abandons it, he becomes a disbeliever. The Prophet (pbuh) said, “The covenant between us and them (i.e. the disbelievers) is the prayer; so if anyone abandons it he has become a disbeliever” (Ahmad, At-Tirmidhee and An-Nasaa’ee)
If the Imaam made a mistake and added an extra Rakat to the prayer, the latecomers should not count this extra Rakat. For example: If the Imaam forgot and added a fifth Rakat to the Dhuhr prayer, and there comes a man to the Masjid who missed the first two Rakat, but he prayed three Rakat with the Imaam knowing that the Imaam made an addition, in this case, he should not count this extra Rakat and make up for what he has missed. Continue reading →