Prophethood came to an end with Muhammad (pbuh ), whom Allah made the “seal of all the Prophets” (khoofcm an-nabiyyeen) and by whom the religion (deen) was completed and perfected. The words of Allah were finally revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) through Angel Jibreel over a period of twenty-three years, from the age of forty to sixty-three, when he passed away.
The Quran states, “This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.”
The most important and basic belief about Allah in Islam is tawheed – the Oneness of Allah. Belief in Allah is the foundation of Islam. It is the bedrock of a Muslim’s faith.
Allah is One – Unique. He is the All-Powerful, the Sustainer of the entire universe. In His Hands are the life and death of all creatures. He is the Sovereign, He is the Lawgiver. He is the Just, All-forgiving, All- Merciful. He is with us in His infinite Knowledge wherever we may be. He is the All-Knowing, All-Seeing, and All-Hearing. The Oneness of Allah forms the basis of all other Islamic beliefs, attitudes, practices and rules. A Muslim should worship none but Allah. He should not associate anything or anyone with Him in worship. He should have absolute trust in Him and love and fear none more than Him.
The Thamood are another ancient people next only to the Aad in fame
The Thamood lived in the north-western part of Arabia, which is still called al-Hijr. Today there is a station on the Hijaz railway between Madinah and Tabuk. This is called Madaain Salih, which was the capital town of ood, and was then known as al-Hijr, the rock-hewn city. This has survived to this day and is spread over thousands of acres. It was once inhabited by no less than half a million people. During the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Arab trade caravans passed through the ruins of this city.
Allah blessed the descendants of Nuh who spread over the earth, and one community from them was Aad. These were ancient Arab people who were very well known throughout Arabia for their glory and greatness.
According to the Quran, the people of Aad lived mainly in the Ahaaaf region, which is situated to the southwest of the Empty Quarter, between Hijaz, Yemen and Yamamah. It was from there that the people of Aad spread to the western coast of Yemen and established themselves in Oman, Hadramawt and Iraq.
Allah answered Nuh’s supplication. He willed that the fate of the arrogant disbelievers would be drowning in a great flood.
Allah wanted to save Nuh and the believers, and so He commanded him to build a huge ship with no precedence, the ark. Nuh immediately began building the ark. Every time the leaders of his people passed by him, they ridiculed him. They said, “You are making a boat in the desert. How would it float?” Nuh would say, “You will learn soon!” they would mockingly say, “Nuh, you have become a carpenter after being a prophet! Where is this ship going to sail? The sea is a long way from here. Who is going to pull the ship?”
Nuh went on calling his people to Allah. He tried hard to advise them, but they would not believe him. In fact, they put their fingers into their ears to avoid listening to him.
Nuh stayed with his people for nine hundred and fifty years calling them to Allah! But his people refused to believe. They rejected him. They would not stop worshipping idols. They refused to turn to Allah. How long could Nuh wait? Nine hundred and fifty years was a very long period of time!
Allah blessed the descendants of Adam. His children and grandchildren spread and multiplied. Adam’s descendants founded many villages. They built houses, ploughed the land, grew crops and lived in comfort. They worshipped only Allah. They did not worship anything else besides Him.
Satan refused to bow down to Adam when Allah commanded him to do so. So he was cast out and damned forever. He, therefore, decided to take revenge on the progeny of Adam so that they would go to the Fire with him.
When the Quraysh found out that the Prophet (pbuh) had departed, leaving only Ali in his bed, covered with his mantle, they became very angry. They offered a reward of a hundred she camels to whomever brought the Prophet (pbuh) back dead or alive.
The Quraysh’s Plot to Assassinate the Prophet (pbuh) Fails
The Quraysh were very upset by the emigration of the Muslims to Madinah. When they saw that the Prophet (pbuh) and his companions had helpers in Madinah, over whom they had no power, the Quraysh were alarmed by the emigration of the Muslims. They knew that if that happened, then they would have no means to stop it. They held a meeting at Dar An-Nadwah, their assembly place. Formerly, in that meeting, the Quraysh nobles consulted with one another on what to do concerning the Prophet (pbuh). The emigration of the Prophet (pbuh) and his companions to a rival city was very harmful to them.
Makkah was no longer a safe place for Muslims to live in. The disbelievers of Makkah were quick to realize the significance of Abu Talib’s death. They intensified their attacks on Muslims. They sought to eradicate the Muslims and Islam. Muslims had no security and no rights in Makkah. Their lives were under threat. Their property was a fair game for the Quraysh.
The Prophet (pbuh) then directed those who had returned from Ethiopia and other Muslims to emigrate and head for Madinah. Quietly, they began to move out. In a few months, more than a hundred families left their homes and emigrated to Madinah.